Current Unit and Standards

UNIT 5 – “The More Things Change, The More Things Stay the Same!”

Compelling Question: Was Reconstruction a success or failure?

DBQ: North or South: Who Killed Reconstruction?

SS4H6 Analyze the effects of Reconstruction on American life.

a. Describe the purpose of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments.

b. Explain the work of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands

(Freedmen’s Bureau).

c. Explain how slavery was replaced by sharecropping and how freed African Americans or Blacks were prevented from exercising their newly won rights.

d. Describe the effects of Jim Crow laws and practices.

Unit 5 Science: Astronomy

How have changes in technology helped change the type of information we gain from the sky?

How can we compare and contrast the characteristics of stars and planets?

What are the strengths and limitations that current models of the solar system when describing size, order, appearance, and composition of planets and the sun?

Why do the sun and moon appear to move through the sky?

S4E1 Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information to compare and contrast the physical attributes of stars and planets.

 S4E2 Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information to model the effects of the position and motion of the Earth and the moon in relation to the sun as observed from the Earth.


a. Ask questions to compare and contrast technological advances that have changed the amount and type of information on distant objects in the sky.

b. Construct an argument on why some stars (including the Earth’s sun) appear to be larger or brighter than others.  (Clarification statement: Differences are limited to distance and size, not age or stage of evolution.)

 c. Construct an explanation of the differences between stars and planets.

d. Evaluate strengths and limitations of models of our solar system in describing relative size, order, appearance and composition of planets and the sun. (Clarification statement: Composition of planets is limited to rocky vs. gaseous.)


a. Develop a model to support an explanation of why the length of day and night change throughout the year.

b. Develop a model based on observations to describe the repeating pattern of the phases of the moon (new, crescent, quarter, gibbous, and full).

c. Construct an explanation of how the Earth’s orbit, with its consistent tilt, affects seasonal changes.


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